Wartime Wednesday: German Resistance
Adults were not the only individuals who were against the Nazi oppression. Youth of all ages participated in resistance as well. The White Rose group operated for a short time between 1942 and 1943. The group coordinated efforts on the University of Munich campus for civil rights and opposition to Nazi policies. A non-violent group, their activities were weekly discussion groups, painting “freedom” on brick walls, and distributing leaflets explaining their stand against the Nazis on moral and political grounds.
Founded by five students and their philosophy professor, they produced six pamphlets that were left in telephone books in public phone booths, mailed to professors and students, and taken to other universities for distribution. It is estimated that only one hundred or so of these leaflets were distributed.
White Rose members who were not caught hoped the executions would stir up further resistance, but to their dismay life at the university carried on as usual. The movement lost impetus and faded into obscurity. After the war, the group’s efforts were praised, but of course, by then it was too late.